Churches and Monasteries
In the southern historical region of Georgia, several kilometres from Vardzia there are the ruins of the Kumurdo Episcopal Church located on a mountain slope. It is well-known for being the first historical monument created in the 1st century AD. It is located 12 km from Akhalkalaki, the regional administrative-town, on the mountain slopes. A lot of inscriptions are still found on the temple walls. Inscriptions on the walls tell about the construction of the southern gallery under Bagrat IV rule (1027-1072), and about reconstructions that took place in the XVI century. The dimensions of the church itself are 29 m. x 20 m. and the diameter of the dome is about 9 m. while the height of it is about 15.3m.
Timotes Ubani
Timotesubani monastery - the Cathedral of Holy Virgin is a cross-cupola church built in 12-13th c. The mural paintings of the Church are among the best examples of Georgian medieval art. They date from 1205-1215 and are the jewel in the crown of a group of frescoes from Queen Tamar's epoch. The name of the architect as well as the name of the painter is unknown. A complex and extended ensemble distinguished by the rich iconography of the Georgian religious tradition, the frescoes at Timotesubani, together with those at Vardzia, Betania, Kintsvisi, and Bertubani, form the most significant stage of the development of Georgian medieval wall painting.
Samtavisi church is a brilliant monument of the 11th century Georgian architecture, which is situated in Kartli region of Georgia (village of Samtavisi). It was built in the 11th century. In the 14th century, due to earthquake Samtavisi lost its old dome. In 15th century it was rebuilt by king of Georgia Alexander. Samtavisi has outstanding stone curved ornaments. The church has preserved fragments of later wall paintings.
Kintsvisi Monastery is a Georgian Orthodox monastery in the Shida Kartli region, on a forested slope of a high mountain of the Dzama valley. The monastery is actually a complex of three churches, a bell-tower and ruins of several buildings and structures. The main church - St Nicholas Monastery - dates back to the 12th-13th centuries, is adorned with remarkable mural paintings portraying King Giorgi III, Queen Tamar and her son Lasha-Giorgi.
Kvatakhevi is a medieval Georgian Orthodox monastery in Shida Kartli, 55 km west of the capital of Tbilisi. The Kvatakhevi monastic complex is situated near the village Kavtiskhevi at the end of the gorge, protected on three sides by the steep mountain slopes. It dates to the 12th-13th century, and resembles the monasteries of Betania and Pitareti in its architectural form and decoration, reflecting a contemporary canon of a Georgian domed church architecture. The building has two portals, one to the south and one to the west. The façades are covered with finely hewn white stone squares; the eastern façade is adorned with a large ornate cross. Historically, Kvatakhevi was also a literary center where several manuscripts were copied.
The ancient Rkoni Monastery Complex (VII; XIII-XIV centuries) is situated in 100 km from Tbilisi in the beautiful Tedzami gorge. It's the best sightseeing of Shida Kartli. The place is rich with different kinds of architecture built at the initiative of Queen Tamar. The fortresses, arch-stone bridge on the river Tedza, church carved in rock to save treasure - all these you can see when you travel to this beautiful place.
Tsugrugasheni church is notable for its rich ornamentation, especially stone carvings around windows and arches, as well as its fragments of frescos. In the church inscriptions King George and church builder Hasan - son of Arsen are evident. Of special note is its very high dome drum with ten windows connected to a single arcade, framed with ornament. The church also contains a double ornamented cornice.
Tsilkani is a forgotten farming village northwest of Mtskheta. Its church, one of the oldest in Georgia, was founded in the 4th century by King Bakar. It's an excellent example of architectural perfection of that epoch. The area has been occupied since prehistoric times. The present church at Tsilkani, to judge from its architectural style, must date from the 12th century. Its interesting murals appear to have been painted in the middle of the 13th - as the image of Christ in the apse conch indicates
Kats'khi is a populated place in Chiatura. In the village of Katski stands a marvellous natural creation - the Katskhi Column. Remains of a 5th c. church, built of the surrounding rocks, are seen in the northeast corner of the plateau, and remains of a second church in the southeast corner. The second church, which consists of a hall and a crypt, was built in the 6th c. of huge square stones, somehow hauled up from the bottom. A Cross, who stylistically dates to the 4th or 5th cc, is cut into the rock near the bottom
The Holy Virgin (Lamaria IX-X) Church of the Lekhtagi village is a two-level construction - the first level includes three rooms of a cellar type that are thought to be burial places according to their current state. The church is built in the Chartolanis community. There are fragments of a fresco image of the Virgin on the apse, on the 2nd level of the church. On the western and the southern walls, there are illustrations 9 historic persons, Liturgical service is offered in the church for the last several years. The paintings of the church are dated back to the 14th century

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